Friday, March 11, 2011


 Wild Date Palm  (Phoenix sylvestris)


1 comment:

  1. காட்டீஞ்சு වල්ඉංදි
    Indian Date Palm
    Phoenix Sylvestris

    Indian Date Palm is the wild cousin of the better known Date Palm, native to Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka. It looks the same in almost every way, but shorter height at maturity, containing up to 100 leaves. The inflorescence grows to 1 metre with white, unisexual flowers forming to a large, pendent infructescence. The single-seeded fruit ripens to a purple-red colour. Yellow inflorescences can reach lengths of 3 feet, are heavily branched, bear small white blossoms, and grow among the leaves. The oblong fruits are 1 inch long and occur in orange clusters, turning dark red to purple when mature, and is eaten. The sap is tapped and drunk fresh or fermented into toddy or palm wine. The fresh sap is boiled to make palm jaggery.

    Known as Wild Date Palm, date-sugar palm, Indian wild date, Indian wine palm, silver date palm, sugar date palm, and sugar palm, this plant is known as Iňḍi ඉඳි or වල්ඉංදි in Sinhala and ஈந்துபனை, காட்டீஞ்சு, in Tamil, the tree ranges up to 50 feet in height and the leaves are nine feet long, containing up to 100 leaves. The leaves may be used for making mats, bags etc.

    This palm grows in areas where there is sparse vegetation mainly composed of scrub species and along flat lands where monsoons occur. The date palms are known for their drought tolerance and fairly slow growth. The date palms have the typical diamond-shaped leaf scars on the trunk of the tree, and produce feather-shaped fronds with nasty sharp spines at the base of these leaves. Grows best in moist but well drained soil. Most Indian Date Palms are single trunked. For more information: